“The misuse of state sources is a phenomenon which is present not only in countries like Albania, which are young democracies, but it is also spread in many European countries which have a long tradition of democratic elections”, head of the Albanian Election Commission, Klement Zguri said.
Zguri in a conference dubbed “Misuse of administrative sources during electoral processes”, added that this phenomenon should be fought.
“I believe that transparency and accountability are efficient instruments. The more transparent political parties are, the more control society has on the legitimacy of the election campaigns and the less abuse there is with the electoral process.”
Corruption in the Albanian judicial system is widespread and a very high risk for businesses. Bribes are often exchanged for favorable judicial decisions, and judges and prosecutors lack accountability. Companies in Albania do not perceive the legal framework to be efficient when settling disputes or when challenging regulations.
According to the Business anti-corruption Portal, businesses face a high risk of corruption when dealing with the police. Corruption and impunity are persistent problems, largely because of the low salaries of police officers, as well as a subsequent lack of motivation, diversity and leadership (HRR 2015). Accordingly, most Albanian households believe the police is corrupt.
Also, the public services sector presents business with a moderate risk of corruption. Bribes and irregular payments are at times exchanged to obtain utilities. Other sectors such as the tax administration or the customs administration, natural resources as well as legislation also face these problems of bribery and corruption in the country.
Meanwhile, Albania has a legal anti-corruption framework in place, yet frequent amendments subject to conflicting interpretations have undermined the legal certainty of the laws. Furthermore, the government does not implement these laws effectively.